Wireless sensor networks in precision irrigation

It is estimated that 40% of the fresh-water used for agriculture in developing countries is lost. As aconsequence, a rational agricultural water management becomes compulsory, and many related issues are waiting for replies from the scientific and industry communities.

Finding a way to collect and process relevant data in order tomonitor water and other agricultural data in a more efficient manner is both a challenge and a necessity. To do so, we propose to use an emerging technology, by now widely used in developed countries: wireless sensor networks. This project aims at designing and developing an integrated network of sensors for agricultural water management. The system will allow for the collection of extensive environmental data (temperature, humidity, soil moisture, etc.) that can be used to develop a controlled and automated irrigation strategy. This project has a direct socio-economic impact on Algeria and developing countries. Indeed, the developed system should help agriculture managers to establish economical and efficient irrigation map throughout the country. It will help also farmers to use water supply efficiently to improve the quality and productivity of their fields.